quarta-feira, setembro 01, 2010

“Example” — Colocações Verbais em Inglês

Vamos falar um pouco sobre Collocations dentro da palavra “example” (“exemplo”). Que palavras são normalmente usadas com essa? Vejamos abaixo os adjetivos, verbos e preposições que são normalmente usados com essa palavra. As palavras em azul são as que normalmente vemos ser usadas com “example”, tais como “classic example” [exemplo clássico], “typical example” [exemplo típico], and so forth. Caso não conheça o significado de alguma dessas palavras em azul, que são as que você deverá prestar atenção, look them up em um dicionário.

Os adjetivos que normalmente vemos acompanhados de “example” são:

ADJ. characteristic, classic, prime, representative, typical This is a classic example of a badly designed building. | excellent, fine, good, impressive, magnificent, outstanding, perfect, superb, wonderful a magnificent example of sixteenth-century architecture | fascinating, interesting, intriguing | notable, remarkable, striking | graphic, vivid | dramatic, extreme, spectacular | clear, obvious, simple, straightforward | blatant, flagrant, glaring His treatment of his secretary was a blatant example of managerial arrogance. | familiar, famous, well-known | notorious | common | rare | much-quoted, oft-quoted, often-quoted The oft-quoted example of Nero playing the violin as Rome burned shows the Emperor's detachment from reality. | illustrative | helpful, illuminating, instructive, useful | practical The book is full of practical examples of classroom activities. | concrete Let me give a concrete example of what I mean. | hypothetical good, great, inspiring, shining She is a shining example of how to organize your time. | bad, poor

Os verbos que normalmente acompanham “example” são:

VERB + EXAMPLE give sb, provide (sb with) Let me give you a few examples of what I mean. | contain, include The leaflet includes several examples of bad grammar. | cite, draw, take (sth as) She illustrates her point with examples drawn from contemporary newspaper accounts. To take an obvious example, if there is a good harvest the price of grain will fall. | find

EXAMPLE + VERB illustrate sth, show sth

VERB + EXAMPLE set, show You must set a good example to the children. | follow I think all schools should follow the example of this one. | hold sb/sth up as The film was held up as an example of good cinema.

“Example” sendo usado com as preposições:

PREP. for - A touring cyclist, for example, might turn the pedals 80 times a minute. | in an/the  The teacher in our example is clearly wrong.of We can still find examples of discrimination today.

PREP. by - Children learn by example. | to His generosity is an example to us all.

PHRASES Make an example of sb The headmaster had made an example of him by scolding him in front of the whole school.

Fonte: Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English.

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