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terça-feira, janeiro 04, 2011

Presente Condicional com “If” — Inglês Avançado

IF, CONDICIONAL, PRESENTE
Presente Condicional

Present Real Conditional

FORMA

[If / When ... Simple Present ..., ... Simple Present ...]
[... Simple Present ... if / when ... Simple Present ...]

USE

O Present Real Conditional é usado quando nós queremos falar sobre algo que nós normalmente fazemos em situações reais de nossas vidas.

Examples:

If I go to a friend’s house for dinner, I usually take a bottle of wine or some flowers.
When I have a day off from work, I often go to the beach.
If the weather is nice, she walks to work.
• Jerry helps me with my homework when he has time.
• I read if there is nothing on TV.
• A: What do you do when it rains?
B: I stay at home.
• A: Where do you stay if you go to Sydney?
B: I stay with my friends near the harbor.

IMPORTANTE If / When

Tanto “if” como “when” são usados no Present Real Conditional. O uso de “if” sugere que algo acontece com menos frequência. Ao usar “when” nós sugerimos que algo acontece regularmente.

Examples:

When I have a day off from work, I usually go to the beach.

EU NORMALMENTE TENHO FOGA DO TRABALHO.

If I have a day off from work, I usually go to the beach.

EU RARAMENTE TENHO FOGA DO TRABALHO.

Present Unreal Conditional
FORMAS

[If ... Simple Past ..., ... would + verb ...]
[... would + verb ... if ... Simple Past ...]

USO

O Present Unreal Conditional é usado para falar sobre o que você geralmente faze m situações imaginárias.

Examples:

If I owned a car, I would drive to work. But I don’t own a car.
• She would travel around the world if she had more money. But she doesn't have much money.
• I would read more if I didn’t watch so much TV.
• Mary would move to Japan if she spoke Japanese.
If they worked harder, they would earn more money.
• A: What would you do if you won the lottery?
B: I would buy a house.
• A: Where would you live if you moved to the U.S.?
B: I would live in Seattle.

EXCEÇÃO If I were ...

No Present Unreal Conditional, a forma “was” não é considerada gramaticalmente correta. No ingles escrito ou em testes de situações, devemos apenas usar “were”. No entanto, nas conversas diárias, “was” é usado com mais frequencia.

Examples:

If he were French, he would live in Paris.
If she were rich, she would buy a yacht.
• I would play basketball if I were taller.
• I would buy that computer if it were cheaper.
• I would buy that computer if it was cheaper. Errado (MAS FREQUENTEMENTE USADO EM CONVERSAS.)

IMPORTANTE Use apenas “If”

Apenas a palavra “if” é usada com o Present Unreal Conditional porque estamos falando de situações imaginárias. “When” não pode ser usada.

Examplos:

• I would buy that computer when it were cheaper. Errado
• I would buy that computer if it were cheaper. Correto

EXCEÇÕES Condicionais com os Verbos Modais

Existe alguns formas especiais no condicional para os verbos modais em Inglês:

would + can = could
would + shall = should
would + may = might

As palavras “can,” “shall” e “may” não podem ser usados com “would.” Ao invés disso, eles devem ser usados nessas formas especiais.

Examplos:

If I went to Egypt, I would can learn Arabic. Errado
If I went to Egypt, I could learn Arabic. Correto
If she had time, she would may go to the party. Errado
If she had time, she might go to the party. Correto

As palavras “could,” “should,” “might” e “ought to” incluem o condicional, assim, nós não podemos combiná-los com “would”.

Examplos:

If I had more time, I would could exercise after work. Errado
If I had more time, I could exercise after work. Correto
If he invited you, you really would should go. Errado
If he invited you, you really should go. Correto

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